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What is EIFS?

EIFS is an abbreviation for Exterior Insulation and Finish Systems

EIFS is an abbreviation for Exterior Insulation and Finish SystemsThe first thing to know about EIFS products is that is also EIFS, Stucco, Plastercalled Synthetic Stucco. EIFS refers to an exterior finish with multiple layers that utilizes insulation on the exterior of the building. This method of construction has been used since the reconstruction of Europe after World War II. Builders found that EIFS was a good repair choice for buildings damaged during the War. The majority of repairs to European buildings were to structures constructed of stone, concrete, brick, or other similar, durable materials.

EIFS in North America

North American builders began using Exterior Insulation Finishing Systems in the 1980’s. First in commercial buildings, then applying it as an exterior finish to residences. This was mostly used on wood framed homes using the same techniques that had been successful in Europe. EIFS is cost effective compared to Traditional Hard Coat Stucco. The other added benefit about EIFS is having a layer of expanded polystyrene Foam that serves as exterior insulation.

There are many areas in North America where EIFS is popular. The most popular areas are in the Northern United States, the Midwest, Texas, and Canada.

There are three layers to EIFS

Three layers to EIFS Inner Layer Foam (EPS Board) Insulation Board that’s secured to the exterior wall surface, often with Basecoat Adhesive or Mechanical Fasteners.

Middle Layer. A Polymer and Cement Basecoat Adhesive that’s applied to the top of the insulation, then reinforced with Fiberglass Mesh.

Exterior Layer. A textured Finish coat.

There are two systems in EIFS: the Adhesively Attached and Mechanically Fastened System.

Adhesively Attached

Adhesively Attached EIFS System

Mechanically Fastened System

Mechanically Fastened EIFS System

For more information on purchasing EIFS products, contact Cross Country Supply, Home of the EIFS Depot.

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